History – The Transition of Church Leadership

[Time line compiled by Mark Jantzi in August 2013]

Matthew 20:20-28 – James and John desire positions of preeminence.
29 AD  The Crucifixion and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.

The Record in Jerusalem

Pentecost – Acts 2:14  “But Peter standing up with the eleven,…”
Acts 9:27  “But Barnabas took him, and brought him to the apostles,…”
Acts 11:1  “And the apostles and brethren that were in Judea heard that the Gentiles”…
Acts 12:17  “…Go show these things unto James, and to the brethren”…
Gal 2:12  “…certain men came from James…”
Acts 15:13  Peter, Paul and Barnabas spoke about circumcision of the Gentiles.
And after they had held their peace, James answered, saying, Men and brethren”…
Acts 21:18  …”Paul went in with us unto James; and all the elders were present.”
60 AD The book of Acts was written. Nero ruled Rome from 54-68 AD, the last 4 years being a time of great persecution.
70 AD The destruction of Jerusalem by Titus, his father Vesparian being sent by Nero to begin the job 3 ½ years earlier. Jews and Christians of Jerusalem scattered.
? – 107 AD A man named Simeon held a similar position to James until his death.
107-135 AD There was a plurality of 13 elders, not bishops in Jerusalem these 28 years.

The Gentile Regions

Acts 13:1   …”the church…at Antioch, certain prophets and teachers…”
2 …“ministered to the lord and fasted, the Holy Spirit said,…”
Acts 20:17  …”he sent to Ephesus and called the elders of the church.”
3 John 9-10 time about 90-95 AD …”Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence”…
95 AD John writes the book of Revelation.
Revelation 2:6   Church of Ephesus – “Deeds of the Nicolaitanes
Revelation 2:15  Church of Pergamos – “Doctrine of the Nicolaitanes
Shortly after 115 AD Polycarp writes to the elders who oversee Rome
115 AD Ignatius, Bishop of Antioch is executed in Rome by wild beasts.
He writes in 115 AD to various churches the importance of the bishop office.
He has absolute authority to administer baptism and officiate at Lord’s Supper.
Beginning of “monarchical bishop’s” position over a city, not a diocese. His desire to see a “clerical” system in place to protect the church from heresy. Soon the recognition of two classes of people, clergy and laity. Lack of Spirit led meetings. Soon led to baptismal regeneration, transubstantiation and infant baptism.
156 AD Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna is executed, burned at the stake. Taught by John.
Claims that he has served the Lord for 86 years.
197 AD Tertullian (160-220 AD) of Carthage, Tunisia condemns infant baptism and baptism of the dead. Completely severs his ties with the “Catholic Church” and found fellowship with men of the spirit.
325 AD Council of Nicea – 300 (+-) bishops attending. (313 AD) Constantine.